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An Unexpected Thrill – Bird Watching in the Blue Ridge Mountains of NC

Birdwatchers are sometimes surprised by the number of species that live permanently or part-time in the Blue Ridge mountains of North Carolina, and even more so when they spot a species not normally found this far south.

Why Birding in the NC Mountains is so Unique – Mountain Geology Affects Migration Patterns

Why is birding in the NC mountains such an extraordinary experience? The unique geologic formation of the Southern Appalachian mountains may explain this phenomenon. The more-or-less north-south alignment of the range allowed many northern species of birds to survive the last ice age by flying southto warmer climes rather than being thwarted by an east-west mountain range, such as happened in Europe. When the ice receded, rather than returning home, many of these more “northern” species of birds simply flew to higher elevations in summer rather than migrate back north.

A number of bird species, including the slate-colored junco, black-capped chickadee, and saw-whet owl maintain this unique migratory pattern today.

Migratory Birds Visit the NC Mountains in Spring and Fall, Making the Blue Ridge a Bird Watchers Paradise

The 80+ species of migratory birds that visit the region in spring and fall delight both serious birders and those who watch the visitors at their back-yard feeders. Among others, the horned lark, snowy egret, bald and golden eagle, sandhill crane, black-billed cuckoo, and olive-sided flycatcher have been sighted as they pass through the mountains. The rare and majestic peregrine falcon may migrate as far south as Argentina, but a number return to nest on cliffs in the North Carolina mountains.

Some of the Best Bird Watching Can Be Found on the Roads Less Traveled – Birding in the Backwoods and Farmland of NC

Over 200 species of birds call the North Carolina mountains home, including those that migrate between lower and higher elevations. Familiar to residents are colorful species such as the eastern bluebird, which is often spotted in open meadows, the northern cardinal (North Carolina’s state bird), and the American goldfinch, as well as the dove, crow, chickadee, Carolina wren, towhee, sparrow, and titmouse.

Bird watchers report that some of the best birding in the region is done in farm country, in backwoods areas where mixed habitats are plentiful.

Photo courtesy of Simon Thompson.

Popular Birding Sites and Local Bird Watching Resources

Click on the link below to hear a Living Traditions Moment about Biodiversity in Western North Carolina